NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development help students to score good marks in the exams. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by expert teachers and based on the latest pattern and edition of NCERT book. Here we have provided answers to all the questions in a very easy language.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development Questions and Answers


Question 1. Multiple choice questions 

(i) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?

(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation               
(c) Over irrigation
(d) Overgrazing

Answer: (c) Over irrigation

(ii) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?

(a) Punjab   
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh                                    
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttarakhand

Answer: (d) Uttarakhand 

(iii) In which of the following states is black soil found?

(a) Jammu and Kashmir      
(b) Gujarat   
(c) Rajasthan          
(d) Jharkhand

Answer: (b) Gujarat 

Question 2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words. 

(i) Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it. 

(ii) What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil. 

(iii) What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas? 

 Answer: (i) Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are states having black soil. Cotton is mainly grown in black soil. 

(ii) Alluvial Soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast.

Three features of alluvial soil:

  • Alluvial soil is rich in nutrients like potash and lime, making it highly fertile.
  • Alluvial soil has a fine texture, owing to the fine silt deposited by river waters. The fine particles allow the soil to retain moisture effectively.
  • The fertility and texture of Alluvial soil make it ideal for agriculture. They are ideal for growing sugarcane, wheat and paddy.

(iii) In hilly areas, soil erosion can be controlled by ploughing across contour-lines, making use of terrace farming techniques and using strips of grasses to check soil erosion by wind and water. 

Question 3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words. 

(i) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61? 

(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources? 

Answer: (I) The land use pattern in India involves diverse uses, including agriculture, forestry, mining, construction, and other activities. Since 1960-61, the land under forest in India has not increased significantly due to several factors:

  1. The growing population has led to increased demand for food, resulting in the conversion of forest land to agricultural land.
  2. Rapid urbanization and industrialization have required more land, often at the expense of forest areas.
  3. Over the years, forests have been overexploited for timber, fuelwood, and other resources, leading to deforestation.
  4. While there have been policies aimed at increasing forest cover, their implementation has often been ineffective or insufficient.

(ii) Technical and economic development has led to more consumption of resources on account of various factors such as:

  • Technological advancements have enabled mass production in industries, increasing the consumption of natural resources like minerals, fossil fuels, and water.
  • Economic development has fueled urbanization, leading to the construction of more buildings, roads, and infrastructure, thereby consuming large amounts of materials like cement, steel, and energy.
  • Technological advancements in transportation have resulted in more vehicles and travel, increasing the consumption of fossil fuels.

More study materials for CBSE Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10CBSE Notes for Class 10
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10Important Questions for Class 10
RS Aggarwal Solutions For Class 10RD Sharma Solutions For Class 10

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