NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources help students score good marks on the exams. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by expert teachers based on the latest pattern and edition NCERT book. Here we have provided answers to all the questions in straightforward language.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources Questions and Answers


1. Multiple choice questions

(i) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

(a) Joint forest management     
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan                    
(c) Chipko Movement
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Answer:  (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

2. Match the following.

Reserved forestsother forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities
Protected forestsforests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources
Unclassed forestsforest lands are protected from any further depletion


Reserved forestsforests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources
Protected forestsforest lands are protected from any further depletion
Unclassed forestsother forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

Question 3. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Answer: Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth, including the different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the genetic differences within these species, and the ecosystems they form.

Biodiversity is important for human lives because it supports vital ecosystem services that we rely on, such as clean air and water, pollination of crops, and regulation of climate. It also provides us with resources for food, medicine, and raw materials. Additionally, biodiversity contributes to cultural and recreational aspects of human life, and it plays a crucial role

(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.

Answer: Human activities have significantly contributed to the depletion of flora and fauna through various means. The main factors responsible for this damage are:

  • Clearing forests for agriculture, logging, and urban development destroys habitats and leads to the loss of plant and animal species.
  • Air, water, and soil pollution from industrial activities, agricultural chemicals, and waste disposal harm wildlife and plant life.
  • Human-induced climate change, largely due to greenhouse gas emissions, alters habitats and ecosystems, affecting the survival of many species.
  • Overhunting, overfishing, and excessive harvesting of plants and animals for food, medicine, and other purposes reduce their populations and threaten species with extinction.
  • Construction of roads, dams, and other infrastructures fragments habitats, making it difficult for species to access their full range and reproduce effectively.

4. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.

Answer: Indian forests are home to different communities. These communities have a complex relationship with their environment. Communities in India have played a crucial role in conserving and protecting forests and wildlife through various initiatives and movements. Some of them are as follows

  • The Joint Forest Management (JFM) program, initiated in 1988, has empowered local communities to participate in forest decision-making, leading to successful regeneration of degraded forests and improved biodiversity in areas like Odisha.
  • Movements like the Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya advocate for diversified crop production without synthetic chemicals.
  • Villagers in the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
  • The Chipko movement in the Himalayas, where villagers hugged trees to prevent logging, is a powerful example of community resistance to deforestation.

(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.

Answer: Effective conservation of forests and wildlife involves a blend of community engagement, legal protection, sustainable practices, and scientific management. Local communities play a key role in managing resources, while laws protect endangered species and habitats. Through involvement of local communities, degraded forests have been restored and managed through the Joint Forest Management (JFM) Programme. Sustainable resource use, such as regulated logging and controlled grazing, helps prevent over-exploitation. Initiatives like reforestation, wildlife corridors, and eco-tourism contribute to habitat improvement and raise conservation awareness. In 1972 the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented with different provisions for protection of wildlife. The thrust of the programme was towards restricting trade in wildlife, giving legal protection to their habitats, by banning hunting, protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species Together, these practices form a comprehensive approach to preserving natural ecosystems.

More study materials for CBSE Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10CBSE Notes for Class 10
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10Important Questions for Class 10
RS Aggarwal Solutions For Class 10RD Sharma Solutions For Class 10

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