NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries help students to score good marks in the exams. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by expert teachers based on the latest pattern and edition NCERT book. Here we have provided answers to all the questions in a straight forward language.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Questions and Answers

Question 1: Multiple choice questions

(i) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?

(a) Aluminium smelting
(b) Cement
(c) Jute   
(d) Steel

Answer: (a) Aluminium

(ii) Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computer, etc.?

(a) Steel
(b) Electronic
(c) Aluminium
(d) Information Technology

Answer: (b) Electronic

Question 2: Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.

(i) What is manufacturing?

Answer: Manufacturing is the industrial process of producing goods in large quantities, typically in factories, using raw materials and various production methods like machinery, tools, and labour.

(ii) What are basic industries? Give an example.

Answer: Basic industries are those that supply their raw materials to industries that manufacture other goods. An example of a basic industry is steel production, which supplies a key raw material for construction, automotive, and other manufacturing industries.

Question 3: Write the answers of the following questions in 120 words.

(i) How do industries pollute the environment?

Answer: Industries can pollute the environment through various means:

  1. Air Pollution: Emissions from factories release harmful pollutants, including greenhouse gases and particulate matter, leading to smog and climate change.
  2. Water Pollution: Industries discharge pollutants and chemicals into water bodies, contaminating water sources and harming aquatic life.
  3. Soil Pollution: Improper disposal of industrial waste can contaminate soil, affecting agriculture and ecosystems.
  4. Noise Pollution: Industrial operations generate noise pollution, impacting nearby communities and wildlife.
  5. Hazardous Waste: The production of hazardous waste materials poses a risk if not managed and disposed of properly.
  6. Deforestation: Industries may contribute to deforestation when clearing land for construction or resource extraction.

(ii) Discuss the steps to be taken to minimise environmental degradation by industry?

Answer: To minimize environmental degradation by industry, several steps can be taken:

  1. Adopting Cleaner Technologies: Implementing eco-friendly technologies that reduce waste and emissions.
  2. Effluent Treatment: Setting up effective treatment plants for industrial effluents before they are discharged into water bodies.
  3. Emission Controls: Installing scrubbers, filters, and other controls in factories to reduce air pollution.
  4. Waste Management: Implementing proper waste disposal and recycling processes to manage solid and hazardous wastes.
  5. Energy Efficiency: Encouraging industries to improve energy efficiency and use renewable energy sources to reduce carbon footprint.
  6. Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitoring industrial activities for adherence to environmental standards and laws.
  7. Awareness and Training: Educating industry personnel about the importance of environmental protection and sustainable practices.
  8. Government Regulations: Strengthening and enforcing environmental laws and regulations to ensure industrial compliance.

More study materials for CBSE Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10CBSE Notes for Class 10
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10Important Questions for Class 10
RS Aggarwal Solutions For Class 10RD Sharma Solutions For Class 10

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