NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy help students to score good marks in the exams. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by expert teachers based on the latest pattern and edition NCERT book. Here we have provided answers to all the questions in a straight forward language.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy Questions and Answers


Question 1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?

(a) Mumbai and Nagpur           
(b) Silcher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata          
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi

Answer: (b) Silcher and Porbandar

(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?

(a) Railways                   
(b) Roadways
(c) Pipeline                     
(d) Waterways

Answer: (c) Pipeline

(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?

(a) Madhya Pradesh           
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujarat                              
(d) Uttar Pradesh

Answer: (b) Maharashtra

(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east cost?

(a) Chennai                    
(b) Paradwip
(c) Tuticorin                 
(d) Vishakhapatnam

Answer: (d) Vishakhapatnam

(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?

(a) Pipeline                   
(b) Railways
(c) Roadways               
(d) Airways

Answer: (b) Railways

(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?

(a) Internal trade             
(b) International trade
(c) External trade            
(d) Local trade

Answer: (b) International trade

Question 2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) State any three merits of roadways.

Answer: Three merits of roadways are:

  1. Cost-Effective: Construction and maintenance of roads require less capital compared to other modes of transport like railways or airports.
  2. Accessibility: Roads can reach remote and rural areas, providing connectivity where railways or airways might not be feasible.
  3. Flexibility: Road transport offers high flexibility in terms of routes and timings, catering to individual needs and facilitating door-to-door service.

(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?

Answer: In the northern plains, rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and huge population and high agricultural productivity, making rail transport a profitable venture.


Rail transport is most convenient for long-distance and bulk transportation. It is suitable for intercontinental trade, heavy cargo, and reducing urban congestion due to its efficiency and energy-saving characteristics.

(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?

Answer: Border roads are important for reaching remote areas, moving soldiers and military equipment, and helping in defense and development near a country’s borders.

(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?

Answer: Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within the same country is called local trade.

Question 3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?

Answer: The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the reasons given below:

  • The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
  • Transport helps in the development of communication. Communication networks enable the rapid exchange of information, key for businesses, financial markets, and government services.
  • Transport like railways helps us in conducting various activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
  • Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
  • Transportation is essential for integrating a nation into the global economy, allowing participation in international markets and collaborations.
  • Transportation connects remote areas and facilitates access to services and information, they contribute to the social development of a nation.

Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. These means help in the development of the country. So they are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.

Answer: The international trade has undergone significant changes in the last fifteen years due to several key factors:

  1. Globalization: Increased globalization has led to more interconnected economies, enhancing trade flows between countries.
  2. Technology Advancements: Technological improvements, especially in communication and transportation, have made global trade more efficient and accessible.
  3. Emergence of BRICS Nations: The rise of emerging economies like Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) has shifted the traditional dominance of Western economies in global trade.
  4. E-Commerce Growth: The explosion of e-commerce has transformed trade, enabling even small businesses to access global markets.
  5. Trade Agreements and Policies: New trade agreements and changes in international trade policies have both facilitated and, at times, hindered global trade due to protectionist measures.
  6. Environmental and Ethical Considerations: There’s a growing focus on sustainable and ethical trade practices, impacting how and what products are traded globally.

These changes reflect the dynamic and evolving nature of international trade in response to economic, technological, and geopolitical developments.

More study materials for CBSE Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10CBSE Notes for Class 10
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10Important Questions for Class 10
RS Aggarwal Solutions For Class 10RD Sharma Solutions For Class 10

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *