NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Maps

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Maps contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the geography book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Maps Questions and Answers

Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the three components of a map?
(b) What are the four cardinal directions?
(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?
(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.
(f) Which map provides detailed information?
(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?


(a) There are 3 components of a map

  • Distance
  • Direction
  • Symbol

(b) The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are the directions of north, east, south and west. Besides these, the other four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW) and north-west (NW).

(c) The scale of a map is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

(d) Maps are more helpful than a globe:

  • Map is more useful than a globe because it is more convenient to find a place in.
  • Flat maps are more easily transported.
  • They are also easier to use when calculating distances.
  • A flat world map will allow you to look at the whole earth at one time.
  • It helps people to understand where each country lies in relation to the others


A map is a representation or a drawing of the Earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
It can be used for representing large areas like continents or countries (large scale maps), and also for representing a small area like a village or a town (small scale maps).It is used for representing those things that cannot be represented in a map. For example, the length and the breadth of a room cannot be shown in a map. For this purpose, a plan is used.

(f) Large scale map provides detailed information.

(g) Symbols are very useful in reading maps. They give lot of information in a Uttle space. Symbols are especially useful in a situation when you do not know the local language. In spite of that, you can easily locate a particular landmark with the help of symbols.

Question 2: Tick the correct answer.

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are

(i) Physical map
(ii) Thematic Map
(iii) Political map

Answer: (ii) Thematic Map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing

(i) Water bodies
(ii) Mountains
(iii) Plains

Answer: (i) Water bodies

(c) A compass is used –

(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance

Answer: (ii) To find the main direction

(d) A scale is necessary

(i) For a map
(ii) For a sketch
(iii) For symbols

 Answer: (i) For a map

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